It’s only natural that you’d want to help pay for your kid’s postsecondary education. You might not have been able to contribute to an RESP, though, or maybe you’re behind on your contributions. Good news! It’s never too late to adjust your financial planning and incorporate this component.
As financial planner Angela Iermieri says, it’s best to start contributing to your child’s RESP when they’re young so you can save more and take full advantage of matching government grants. But even if your kid is older when you start—say 12—you’ll still be able to save a fair amount for their education.
So it’s not too late to open an RESP for my child?
No, not at all. To receive grants when your child turns 16 or 17, one of the following conditions must be met by the end of the calendar year in which they turn 15:
- At least $2,000 contributed to the child’s RESP (and hasn’t been withdrawn) OR
- At least $100 a year contributed to the RESP (and hasn’t been withdrawn) over the four years prior
If your child shows interest in pursuing postsecondary studies, you should start contributing as soon as they begin high school. And they don’t have to be planning to go to university—college or vocational school studies are also eligible for an RESP.
Contributions are eligible for grants until December 31 of the year the child turns 17.
How do I catch up on my contributions?
If you contribute $2,500 a year, you’ll receive the maximum yearly grant amount from the government. And to catch up on lost time, you can contribute an extra $2,500 a year to get grants for both the current year and for any previous years you didn’t make contributions. That means you get $5,000 a year; if they’re 12, that means you have 5 years to catch up.
How do I make sure I get all the grants I’m eligible for?
If you increase your contributions to $5,000 a year, you could get the maximum annual grant amount. Assuming you begin when your child starts high school, that’s $25,000, all of which will be eligible for grants.
You can contribute up to a lifetime maximum of $50,000 per beneficiary. However, a maximum contribution of $36,000 is required to reach the cumulative grant limit of $7,200 for federal and $3,600 for Quebec.
Are there any tax strategies I can use to maximize grants?
One really good tax strategy is to use the tax refund you get from contributing to your registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) to put in the RESP. Your tax savings will be based on your marginal tax rate and government RESP grants. By using this strategy, you maximize the money you get back from the government for your family’s benefit, and you won’t have to choose between the two.
Keep in mind that there’s a time limit on RESP grants, so you should maximize contributions during this period. If there’s any remaining principal invested (contributions) after your child has finished their postsecondary studies, you can use it for other things. You might even want to increase your RRSP contributions.
Since RESP contributions belong to you, the subscriber, you might decide to use them to fund your child’s education or put the money in your RRSP. This money you’ve set aside belongs to you, while the grants and investment income generated belong to your child who’s pursuing postsecondary studies.