Planning budget: The gateway to peace of mind
Making a budget is an essential part of any project. Before you immigrate to Canada, it’s wise to get an accurate picture of your financial situation and capacity. The amounts to plan for are detailed below.
Planning budget for a couple and family
Here’s an example of the projected budget for a couple and a family of 4.
Budget: Settling and monthly living expenses1
- Average cost of settling (Quebec)
- 2 adults: CAN$11,000
- 2 adults + 2 children: CAN$16,000
- Average monthly budget (Quebec)
- 2 adults: CAN$2,500-CAN$5,000
- 2 adults + 2 children: CAN$3,500-CAN$6,000
Government applications and requirements must also be considered in your budgeting. The budget required will vary depending on the application, so whether it’s for a working holiday visa holder, a foreign worker, an international student or a permanent resident.
Some application assessments require a demonstration of the applicant’s financial ability to support themselves and their family, known as “proof of funds.” You may be required to provide this in your application.
Government requirements and proof of funds
Canada application for working holiday visa: CAN$2,500
Quebec application for permanent resident visa
- 1 adult: CAN$3,300
- 2 adults + 2 children: CAN$5,900
Quebec application for skilled worker visa
- 1 adult: CAN$13,200
- 2 adults: CAN$16,500
Quebec application for international study permit
- 1 airline ticket (round trip) + CAN$13,200/year (living expenses)
- + CAN$500 (installation) + tuition fees
Expenses to consider
Before you immigrate, consider this list of expenses to reduce the financial surprises involved in preparing your move to Canada.
- Reconnaissance trip: CAN$2,000 or more
- Quebec and/or Canadian immigration fees: depending on the permit or visa, CAN$156 to CAN$2,075
- Biometric data: CA$85
- Language tests: CAN$250-CAN$350
- Equivalency of educational credentials: CAN$200-CAN$300
- Medical visit: CAN$300
- Immigration lawyer: depends on your situation
The reconnaissance trip is optional, but recommended. It will give you the opportunity to test your impressions of the life and city that await you in Canada.
Before you leave: Airfare
You’ll need to calculate the cost of the plane ticket per person, as well as the costs of getting to the airport. Depending on the time of year and your departure location, this could total anywhere from $975 to $1,500 per person.
When you arrive: Settling in costs
Housing, clothing, telephone, internet: Take the time to do some research to find out the cost of these budget items, based on your family situation and the Canadian province and city you wish to settle in.
Plan between CAN$450 and CAN$900 for winter clothes, accessories and boots to brave the cold.
Telephone, internet and TV services will cost you between CAN$95 and CAN$250 per month.
Housing in Canada: What are the monthly costs?
The city, neighbourhood, type and number of rooms affect the monthly cost of housing in Canada. As a guide, here’s an approximate average cost for comparable units in 4 Canadian cities.
Average cost of housing
Good to know
Health insurance: Better to plan ahead and prevent
Quebec has social security agreements - External link. This link will open in a new window. with certain countries. If you arrive in Quebec from a country that is not part of these agreements, you should take out private insurance to cover the waiting period - External link. This link will open in a new window., which can be up to 3 months after you register for Quebec health insurance. The cost of private insurance could range from $650 to $1,000 per year per person.
Wages in Canada: Variations from one province to another
Average wages vary considerably depending on the province and region you work in.
Gross minimum wage in Canada in 2021
- Minimum wage: CAN$13.50/hour
- Minimum wage: CAN$14.35/hour
- Minimum wage: CAN$15.20/hour
As its name suggests, minimum wage is the minimum hourly rate set by the government that an employer must pay to an employee.
Average gross wages per year in Canada in 2020
Expenses and budget in Canada: Take advantage of these practical tips
To learn more about expense categories and make budgeting easier, read 13 things to think about when planning a budget in Canada - This link will open in a new window.. This blog post is filled with sound advice related to major expense categories.
Note that Desjardins offers the possibility of making international transfers. You can send money quickly and securely to most international destinations, in Canada, the United States and many other countries. For more details, click here - This link will open in a new window..
Read the article How does the Canadian financial system work? - This link will open in a new window. to get a series of useful, easy-to-understand tips about accounts, credit, credit and debit cards, and credit reports.
1. Source: Immigrant Quebec